Titole – Easter bread from Trieste

On some days in Melbourne it still feels like summer, with the sun beating hot around lunch time. It feels distinctly odd to think that it will be Easter Sunday tomorrow; it has come around so early this year and I am sitting here writing this blog post in a summery cotton frock at a time when I should at least have shirt sleeves on. Thankfully the nights are cooler and that puts me in the mood for baking. This year mamma is coming over to my house for Easter Sunday lunch; it is so long since she was here; I have a multitude of stairs and I do worry about her climbing them though she assures me she will be fine. So I am planning a special lunch and on the menu will be a Pinza Triestina, a type of sweet Easter bread a bit like a brioche. I was in Trieste this time last year and think I ate close to my body weight of pinza. I am yet to find a good one in Australia and my attempts at making one myself had failed (ok, I tried it twice but was mixing everything by hand in an Air BnB apartment with a gas oven). I also saw titole in the windows of pastry shops in Trieste in the lead-up to Easter but had eyed them with some suspicion. They had red eggs in them and I didn’t quite know what to do with the dyed egg. So I would buy another pinza from the pasticceria instead. What I didn’t know until recently was that they are both made with the same dough, so learning to make one of them meant I could make both.

So I chose to make titole instead of pinza because of the most beautiful eggs that a very sweet friend gave me when I met her in Queensland last week (what a great gift – real eggs at Easter). The eggs are from the Good Goog in the Byron Bay hinterland and are different colours (as they are laid by different varieties of hens, a fact I didn’t know). I couldn’t bear cracking the pretty shells (some people on social media had suggested I “blow” the contents through a small hole and keep the shells intact…sounds like rather a lot of blowing if I wanted to keep the dozen eggs intact), so it seemed like a good opportunity to make titole, which have a hard-boiled egg at one end of a plait of dough. It is said that titole are shaped like the nails used on the crucifix and the whole egg, with its traditionally red dyed shell, symbolises the blood-stained rocks on Calvary. Lidia Bastianich (born in the same town in Istria as my father) however calls the same bread “pupi” (meaning “doll”) and she describes them as dolls. I think I like the doll version better, and the rainbow coloured eggs are rather more like doll’s faces than blood-stained stones.

Though the recipe isn’t complicated, it takes a rather long time due to the proving times needed for the yeasted dough. And it is a huge help to have a kitchen mixer with a dough hook; one recipe by Maria Stelvio gives a hand kneading time of one hour (!). I used this recipe from an Italian blog and it is nowhere near as time consuming; I followed it almost as written and am very happy with how it turned out. The dough is soft and not too sweet. I ate a whole one including the hard-boiled egg just after I took the photos. I was only meant to eat the slices I had cut…..I will definitely use the same recipe to make a pinza for mamma ready for Easter lunch, and I may even pop over to her house early today with a titola. She tells me it is many years since she has seen one.

And on that note, Buona Pasqua to you and your families X

titole

Makes 4 large plaits

4 hard-boiled eggs in the shell
625g bread/strong flour
25g fresh yeast
150g caster sugar
one lemon and one orange, zest only
1 vanila bean, seeds scraped
40g unsalted butter, melted
3 egg yolks (reserve the white of one egg)
3 whole eggs (60g eggs – medium sized)
50g white rum
100g milk

Stage 1: warm the milk in a saucepan on medium heat until it is lukewarm; crumble in the yeast and stir to dissolve. Add 100g flour and 25 g sugar. Mix with a spoon until a cohesive mass forms. Cover with cling film and rest in a warm draught-free spot until doubles in size (about an hour).

Stage 2: Add the following ingredients to the previously made dough in the following order, a bit of each at a time, stirring between each addition: 200g flour, 25g sugar, 15g melted but still warm butter, 1 egg yolk, 1 whole egg. So you will need to add a third of the flour, then stir, a third of the sugar, then stir, a bit of the butter, then stir, about a third of the egg and yolk whisked together, then stir. Then more flour etc until everything has been added. You do not need to be precise, but the ingredients need to be added a bit at a time. The dough will come together into a kind of ball. Cover with cling film and rest in a warm or draught-free spot until at least doubled in size (about an hour).

Stage 3: prepare the following ingredients: 325g flour, 100g sugar, 25g melted still warm butter, 2 egg yolks, 2 whole eggs, lemon and orange zests, vanilla bean seeds, 50g white rum and a pinch of salt. Place the following in the bowl of your mixer in the order described: the flour first, then the dough, the sugar, the butter and the salt. Add one egg yolk and turn on your mixer with the dough hook at the lowest speed (take care that the dry ingredients do not fly out at this stage as mine did!). Add the next egg yolk when the first one has been incorporated, then one whole egg, then another whole egg, mixing the whole time on low speed. Next add the rum, a little bit at a time until incorporated, then the zests and scraped vanilla bean seeds. Increase the speed of the dough hook to the second lowest speed and allow it to work the dough for 7 minutes, until it is smooth and glossy. The dough will be slightly sticky. If too sticky to roll into a ball, scrape it into a lightly floured work surface and bring into together, trying not to incorporate too much flour. Place the dough in a bowl covered in cling film and allow to rest in a warm draught-free spot for at least an hour or until doubled in size.

Stage 4: divide the dough into 4 equal portions (they will be about 270g each). Divide each quarter into two parts, one that is about 185g and another that is 85g. Roll these into thick ropes; the shorter one will be 13-15 cm in length and the longer one will be 26-30cm in length. The shorter rope will form the vertical part of a large T and the long row will form the horizontal part. Place a hard-boiled egg at the join (see photo above) and start folding the ropes over each other to form a plait, breaking off a small piece of dough before tucking the three rope ends under themselves. Roll the small piece of dough into a thin rope and form a cross over the hard-boiled egg (optional). Lift carefully and place on a large lined baking tray. Repeat with the other three portions of dough. Cover the four titole with a clean tea towel and place in a warm draught-free spot until they have risen for an hour.

Stage 5: preheat the oven to 180C. Brush the four plaits with the reserved egg white. Bake for 20-25 minutes until a deep golden and a skewer inserted comes out clean.

20 Comments

  • Ann A says:

    Happy Easter to you and your family Paola. Sounds delicious and a lovely way to showcase the eggs !

  • David says:

    Buona Pasqua, Paola! The titole look beautiful – that dark mahogany brown crust is stunning!

    • Buona Pasqua David – the egg white on them does make them go a stunning colour – and they really are delicious. I hope all is well with you

  • marcellina says:

    Oh yum! That does look good. I’m thinking they look more like dolls. My dad who was from Piacenza in Emilia Romagna used to refer to them as dolls. He tried to make them once when I was a child. But they weren’t very successful. I will remember your recipe next year. Buona Pasqua! PS, here in NQ we’ve just had our second flood in three weeks and look set for heavy rain again… certainly doesn’t feel like Easter!

    • Oh the rain in FNQ – it is falling a bit late in the year isn’t it. Do try and make them – I made pinza with the same dough yesterday and am sharing it with Mamma today. So looking forward to it

  • Samantha says:

    Buona Pasqua Paula to you and your family! The Titole look delicious! I adore pinza and like you have never found one in a shop (although the sweet bread at Nikos bakery last Christmas came surprisingly close). I have very fond memories of the vanilla bean infused, firm consistency of the pinza made by my nonna and my Zio Gianni we’d dunk in caffe latte on Christmas mornings (perhaps Easter mornings too).

  • Anna says:

    Some what ALARMED! I am at stage 3 of the recipe in my kitchen in England today. 50g of white rum equals 2 egg cups full! Hey ho in it went but the mixture at this point was like a batter and not a dough at all. I eventually added another 100 grams of white bread flour to bring the mixture up to a dough consistency!!!!

    I appreciate that flours differ but anyone else had problems?

    Once the bread goes through the next stage and is baked and tasted I will report back again but so far not so good.

    • Hello Anna – I have made the same dough twice with these measurements and even added liquid vanilla essence the second time when I ran out of actually vanilla beans. The dough is a bit sticky at stage 3 but I did not add any extra flour.

  • maria says:

    I absolutely love all of the different yeast dough recipes associated with Easter. I have never heard of titole… I have pinned to try for next year. Thank you for sharing this wonderful recipe. Auguri di Buona Pasqua ♥

  • Anna says:

    Following on. The dough was consequently heavier with the addition of extra flour.

    Dividing by 4 equalled pieces weighing 317 grams.

    These were divided as 217g plus 100g for each loaf.

    I did not use an egg and produce 4 delicious, delicately scented loaves that were barely sweet and very moreish.

    It was a whole day’s work so very much a labour of love!

    • Well I am glad it worked out anyway – good that you added the extra flour – I think it helps understanding consistency etc of baked goods and having experience in the kitchen. I am curious – did you use bread flour? Also what size were your eggs? Mine were 60g and as I wrote before. I will make a note in my recipe of your experience in my recipe in case anyone else finds the same thing. Happy Easter Anna and enjoy the bread

      • Anna says:

        Waitrose white bread flour (a prestigious Supermarket in the UK). Same eggs but definitely far too wet. Rather like a cake batter and nowhere near a dough consistency.

        I expect none of the commentators have made the loaves?

        Today I toasted a few slices and again beware, it burns very quickly in the toaster.

        An interesting baking experience.

        • Another person has made the loaves for Easter and posted them on Instagram – to great success. As I said Anna I have tested the recipe twice and didn’t have your problem. I am sorry you did have the problem though

          • Anna says:

            We ate and enjoyed them all.
            Flours do vary as we discovered when we lived in Umbria for many years.

  • pblevitt says:

    A beautiful and delicious Easter tribute.

  • anne says:

    I just found your blog and love reading your posts. Although Easter has passed, I plan to make your bread recipe for a Spring gathering. If you wanted a sweeter taste, how much additional sweetener would you suggest?

    I read about your Hungarian Dobos-style cake. Did you ever receive the recipe?

    Cheers,
    Anne

    • Dear Anne
      Thanks very much for visiting my site and your kind words. The bread works out quite sweet as it has 150g sugar in total. If you want to add more, say another 50g, I would add an extra 5g at stage 1, 10g at stage 2 and then another 35g at stage 3. You will need to assess the consistency though as it will be a bit drier, perhaps a bit more egg at stage 3. I have not made it this way so cannot vouch for the results.
      In terms of the Hungarian cake from Croatia, my friend never gave it to me. It relied on her daughter translating it into English for her…. I will be back in Pula to visit her in June so I am hoping very much to make it with her then and write down the recipe myself, so I can then share it!
      Thanks again for stopping by
      Paola

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